What is it?

Racking is a pivotal part of any warehouse infrastructure as it can either impede or expedite warehouse operations. Implementing a proper warehouse racking system is highly beneficial as warehouse managers and operators have the advantage of maximizing space and enhancing warehouse organisation to increase efficiency. Prior to that, the layout of a warehouse is also important in identifying the types of racking options that are suitable for given space.

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Racking Types

There are several types of warehouse racking types, which are also known as pallet racks or materials handling systems. These racking systems are combined with metal, wooden or plastic pallets to form shelves of different levels. Goods placed on these racks for storage are then supported by decking bases, which comes in different widths. It is common to find that warehouse racking stacked as tall as several feet high and oftentime requires forklifts for the loading process.

Various warehouse racking types include selective racks, drive-in or drive-through racks, push-back racks, and flow racks.


Selective Racks

Selective racks are the most customary pallet racking. These pallet racks are most suitable for narrow aisle racking, deep-reach and standard systems. Selective racks often utilise special narrow lift trucks and assist a single pallet in depth.


Drive-In and Drive-Through Racks

Drive-in racks and drive-through racks are ideal for high density storage. Usually constructed of steel, these racking type have enough space for a forklift to maneuver into its bay. While drive-in racks only have one entrance and exit, drive-through racks have access on both sides of the bay. Hence, drive-in racks are ideal for the last in, first out (LIFO) which is often used for non-perishable products while a drive-through racking is suitable for a first in, first out (FIFO) process. This racking type usually follows a floor-to-ceiling structure.


Flow Racks

Flow racks are commonly used for high density storage. This particular racking system allows items to be loaded at the upper end and removed at the lower end while utilising a FIFO system. Automatic rotation of products is achieved as the racks flow with loading and unloading. Flow racks employ gravity rollers that navigate in conjunction with the rack load and speed controllers to regulate item movement.

Benefits and Advantages

Space Saving

Maximising warehouse space is the biggest advantage of the pallet racking system as it increases storage capacity by integrating a more space-friendly structure. By attaining more vertical space, there will be a lot more floor space. With greater storage capacity, business profits are likely to increase since there is more space for more product storage. It is the best remedy for businesses that have heavy stock capacity.


The pallet racking is also a convenient storage system. It is extremely simple and productive to store and bring down pallets with a forklift. The pallet racking systems are an excellent way to strengthen overall business efficiency.

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